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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

2 edition of Studies on clay samples taken with standard piston sampler. found in the catalog.

Studies on clay samples taken with standard piston sampler.

Torsten Kallstenius

Studies on clay samples taken with standard piston sampler.

by Torsten Kallstenius

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Published by Swedish Geotechnical Institute in Stockholm .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesProceedings / Swedish Geotechnical Institute -- no.21
ContributionsSwedish Geotechnical Institute.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13715036M

Geotechnical investigations are performed by geotechnical engineers or engineering geologists to obtain information on the physical properties of soil earthworks and foundations for proposed structures and for repair of distress to earthworks and structures caused by subsurface conditions. This type of investigation is called a site investigation. As the water or air pressure is applied to the drill rods at approximately to PSI, the piston in the head of the assembly forces the thin wall sample tube in the soft underlying soil or clay materials to take the sample. Once the sampler reaches the end of its maximum travel, the water or air used for pressing exhausts though a relief hole and returns immediately to the surface.

Comparative studies, as yet unpublished, have shown Enr. Geol.. 1(6) () R. PUSCH this method to be satisfactorily accurate as regards the preservation of the original microstructure. Undisturbed clay samples were taken from 6 m depth with the Swedish 50 mm standard piston sampler at Lilla Edet about 45 km north of by: Soil pH values can also vary appreciably over the year depending on nitrogen and sulfur inputs, amounts of rainfall or irrigation and soil buffering capacity (amount and types of clay and free carbonates). Given that soil test values will vary between seasons, one approach as to when soil samples should be taken is duringFile Size: 84KB.

State Railways sampler and the sampler with metal foils were included. These types arc briefly described in § 4. They will be described more detailed in a following number of the Proceedings of the Institute. Samples were taken frmn different depths by means of all these s.:mplers, and. used in the present study come from 18 different sites. The samples were taken with either 72 mm piston sampler, miniblock sampler or block sampler. Table 1 presents a summary of some index properties of the clay materials tested. In particular, water content (w), unit weight (T), plasticity index (IP), clay content (clay) and sensitivity (S t).


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Studies on clay samples taken with standard piston sampler by Torsten Kallstenius Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Studies on clay samples taken with standard piston sampler. [Torsten Kallstenius]. piston sampler near the town of Uppsala in a deep layer of post-glacial clay.

Additional investigations have been made in another area, Ska Edeby, where a large airfield was. DiVA portal is a finding tool for research publications and student theses written at the following 49 universities and research by: ().

Studies on Clay Samples Taken With Standard Piston Sampler" (). The Behaviour of Saturated Clays During Sampling and Testing", ().Author: Abu Siddique. Geonor Thin Wall, Stationary Piston Samplers (0 54, 75 and mm) models K and K Experience from great number of samples has shown that for normally consolidated clays, unconfined compression tests on samples taken by the sampler give strength values which as an average, are 8% above the undrained shear strength found by vane tests.

The sampler is withdrawn with piston at the top of the sample held by a locking device in the sampler head. The vacuum between the piston and sample helps to retain the soil in the tube. Thus, the piston serves as a non-return valve since it collects soil samples and doesn’t allow back flow of soil.

The piston sampler is pushed into the soil and should not be driven. In sampling clays or silts, Piston sampler is lowered into boreholes and the piston is locked at the bottom of the sampler. This prevents debris from entering the tube prior to sampling.

After reaching the sampling depth, the piston is unlocked so that the piston stays on top of the sample going into the tube. Better quality samples of firm to stiff clay soils can be obtained by trimming the soil in advance of a large diameter (— mm) sampler.

This File Size: 2MB. Disturbed samples are taken from cuttings produced by the drilling process. reported by Bishop and Little (), Agarwal () and Clapham (), all studies involving the London clay. Fissures in the London clay provide planes of weakness; larger samples are more likely A further consideration in fixing sample sizes is the standard File Size: KB.

The Shelby tube is designed to take undisturbed samples in cohesive type soils. Shelby tubes are the preferred method of sampling cohesive soils when using HSA. Piston Tubes. Like Shelby Sampler a Piston Sampler is used to sample cohesive soils.

The difference being is a Piston Sampler can be used in an open borehole with Slouph. Piston sampler ST:1 Ingenjörsfirman Geotech AB +46 28 99 20 For undisturbed samples in clay, silt and fine sand.

Designed by the Swedish Geotechnical Institute. Delivered in three dimensions: Ø50, Ø75 and Ø mm. No inner releasing rods needed. Sampling from 0 to 30 meters depth. Samples protected in armoured epoxy liners.

Piston sampler consists of two parts- Sampler Cylinder Piston system The piston fits tightly in the sampler cylinder. Good quality undisturbed samples are obtained from piston samplers which use thin –walled sampling tubes with a piston inside.

The tube is being lowered to the bottom of the drill hole, the piston rods and piston are held at the bottom of the sampler. Comparison with test results obtained at a different site Chung et al. () compared the quality of samples obtained from oil-operated and mechanical samplers (Hvorslev type) at a site called DIS The fixity condition for the mechanical sampler was very similar to that of the O3 samples in this study (site D2).

Samplers with different geometrical designs, referring to the Japanese standard stationary piston sampler, were used for the model ground and field sampling. disturbances in clay samples taken with piston samplers, Proc. Swedish Geotech. Sharma, T. Tsuchida, M. Tanaka, Comparative study on sample quality using several types of.

SPLIT SPOON SAMPLER Piston sampler consist of two parts Sampler cylinder Piston cylinder The piston first tight in the sampler cylinder.

Good quality undisturbed samples of soft and sensitive clay are obtained from piston samplers which use thin-walled sampling tubes with a piston inside.

Piston Sampler The piston sampler (Figure ) is basically a thin-wall tube sampler with a piston, rod, and a modified sampler head. This sampler, also known as an Osterberg or Hvorslev sampler, is particularly useful for sampling soft soils where sample recovery is often difficult although it can also be used in stiff soils.

Figure Standard sample tubes are mm O.D. x mm (4M) I.D. with an area ratio of just 7%, but kits can be supplied to allow the piston sampler to be used with sample tubes of alternative diameters. Hydraulic hose and extension rods can also be supplied for direct connection to the piston sampler.

Sampling in quick clay – comparative studies of samples taken with the SGI block sampler and the standard piston sampler. Pågående forskningsprojekt. Dnr.

Thin-walled tube samples are used for obtaining intact specimens of fine-grained soils for laboratory tests to determine engineering properties of soils (strength, compressibility, permeability, and density).

Fig. 2 shows the use of the sampler in a drill hole. Typical sizes of thin-walled tubes are shown on Table most commonly used tube is the 3-in. [75 mm]. Laboratory Sample Preparation. for sample preparation to avoid sample loss and sample contamination.

Due to the physical nature of the matrix, sample preparation for solids requires the most attention, and therefore is discussed at great length (Section ). General procedures for preparing solid samples (such asFile Size: 1MB. Geotechs piston sampler ST:1 is designed for taking high quality undisturbed samples in clay, silt and fine sand.

The sampler is statically pushed into the soil and when reached sampling depth the locking device is activated and the sampler is pushed down again to fill the liners inside the sampler.AquaLock core sampler that can rapidly produce beautiful samples of wet sands, clay, peat etcetera.

CoreBarrel sampler for telescopic coring of all other formations, including weathered rock; Dual Wall CoreBarrel sampler to core (rock-) formations that require cooling of the coring bit; Over casing to work with these samplers and corers.The June issue of Géotechnique was dedicated to a presentation of the findings of the Bothkennar Characterisation Study, for which Dr Hight was awarded the British Geotechnical Society Prize.

Further studies, on sampling have been carried out at Bothkennar, involving the use of a modified piston sampler and the Japanese standard piston sampler.